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NEWS: 8 out of 19 Operation Condor ex-militay officers given life sentences

08 February, 2017


According to this article by Latin American news outlet TeleSur, 8 out of 19 ex-military officers from Bolivia, Chile, Peru and Uruguay were found guilty a court in Rome for the forced disappearances and deaths of about 20 Italian nationals as part "Operation Condor" in South America in the 1970s and 1980s. A petition has been launched by the relatives of the victims against the sentences, according to this other article. More than 140 cultural, human rights and political figures aprove of this measure, among them, Uruguayan families, according to this article, represented by the Organization of Mothers and Relatives of Disappeared Detainees of Uruguay (Organización de Madres y Familiares de Detenidos Desaparecidos de Uruguay).

This serves to prove the controversial and lasting sociocultural impact of Operation Condor, and the pain still endured by Latin Americans today due to Unitedstatian power plays in the region against communism, with many coups backed and/or orchestrated by the CIA that resulted in vicious right-wing dictatorships, all in the name of "democracy."

I've written about this subject and its relation to the Metal Gear series in my article The Ideology of Torture, analyzing Hideo Kojima's references to torture in the franchise. The article can be read at my website here or at Terry Wolfe's metagearsolid.org here.

This serves to prove the controversial and lasting sociocultural impact of Operation Condor, and the pain still endured by Latin Americans today due to Unitedstatian power plays in the region against communism, with many coups backed and/or orchestrated by the CIA that resulted in the rise of vicious right-wing dictatorships, all in the name of "democracy."

I'd like to also seize this moment remember and pay respects to the disappeared, and to all families affected either by death, exile or torture, mine included.

NEWS: “Ideology of Torture” article cited by The Matter

23 Monday, 2017



An article of mine, The Ideology of Torture: A Personal, Political, and Philosophical Study of Torture in the MGS series and the Real World, originally published on Terry Wolfe’s Meta Gear, or metagearsolid.org (you can access the article here), has been cited in a research performed by Thai website The Matter, or thematter.co, regarding popular culture and videogame references. The article is named 7 งานวิจัยจากเรื่องป๊อปๆ ที่จริงจังอะไรเบอร์นั้น and is written by Vanat Putnark.

Many popular franchises from all types of media are referenced, such as Game of Thrones, Harry Potter, Call of Duty, Metal Gear Solid and Minecraft. Although the article is in Thai and many of us have trouble reading it without translation services, feel free to view the post and browse through the site’s contents.

Very warm regards to Vanat Putnark and the folks at The Matter for finding and posting my article.

ARTICLE: The Influence of Greek Patristic Doctrines in ‘The Dream of a Ridiculous Man’

31 December, 2016


An article published in Spanish by Mundo Eslavo (Slavic World) the Russian Studies Journal of the University of Granada.

Mundo Eslavo is an international double-blind peer reviewed, open-access journal which aims to publish original and significant scientific contributions in the area of Slavic studies. The Journal is published annually since 2002 and accepts research, interpretations, review essays on Slavic studies, and reviews of recently published books.

Сон смешного человека’ (‘Son smeshnogo chelovieka’), translated into English as The Dream of a Ridiculous Man, is a short story by Fyodor Dostoyevsky written in 1877, four years before the death of the writer. This is the last short story by Dostoyevsky, and his penultimate non-fiction work, the last one being the novel The Brothers Karamazov. It represents thus one of his more mature texts, in relation to the expressed content, narrative style and symbolism, which detail Dostoyevsky’s philosophy at its most orthodox and purest state, addressing the reader in the form of a fictional character and detailing his ideology and doctrine so as to popularize it, and thus denounce the customs and modes of radical thought that, according to Dostoyevsky, began to threaten the old values in Russian society in the late nineteenth century.

The article may be read at Mundo Eslavo here. You may also read the PDF at my Academia.edu page here or download it from my site here.

NEWS: ‘SOVREV: The Faith Endeavor’ final edition now available

04 December, 2016

SOVREV: The Faith Endeavor is now available in its complete and final edition. You can read more about it here.

Originally a trilogy comprised of three standalone books, SOVREV: The Faith Endeavor now collects all three books, namely, The Faith Endeavor, The Apostasy Canon and The Reinnassance Forge, and merges them in a single, abridged 828 page version. This is the final revision of SOVREV: The Faith Endeavor, and no more revisions or updates will be released.

SOVREV: The Faith Endeavor is a Bildungsroman/psychological/dystopian novel with certain social satire, political thriller and love story elements, divided into three parts: The Faith Endeavor, The Apostasy Canon and The Reinassance Forge. Its setting is Loynne’s Island, a fictional island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean. The story is narrated in the first person by the main character Sonny Zharostin, a teenager who is forced by his parents to flee his war-torn home country in order to secure a living abroad, and hopefully one day be reunited with them. When Sonny receives a mysterious parcel containing the unlikeliest of objects his life changes forever, and his safety and that of his loved ones is put in jeopardy. There is more to the parcel than he could possibly imagine, and soon he is immersed fully into a game of love and infatuation, betrayal, terrorist intrigue, political conspiracy and unspeakable acts of violence, all of which put his ideology and dearest values to the test.

The book can be acquired in printed or digital formats through Amazon here. Also, in that link, a sample with the prologue and the first two chapters of the book can be downloaded in Mobi or PDF formats.

NEWS: Fidel, hasta la victoria siempre

04 December, 2016



A great hero and liberator leaves us at age 90. Fighting relentlessly for the independence and freedom of Latin America, Fidel stands tall as the most iconic Latin American statesman in the second half of the 20th century. His contributions to Cuba, Latin America and the world speak for themselves. Be it free and universal healthcare and education, or helping foreign countries fight against imperialism, Fidel's Cuba has been a friend to the world and an enemy of oppression, best embodied in United States foreign policy.

While far from perfect, Cuba's system gives citizens chances people can only dream about in capitalist lands. Healthcare and education, which people struggle to have access to in first world countries in North America and Europe, are the best legacy of communism and countries like Cuba and the USSR. A right to a home, to a job, to free and universal healthcare and education; to a life. Communism, despite its documented history of repression, exemplified through actions taken by the USSR's government and by Warsaw Pact communist parties, is undeniably a system that strives for human excellence and places human achievements above capital. Communism wanted a New Man, selfless, self-sacrificial, knowledgeable and cultured. And Cuba has embodied that New Man across the world with its every action.

We will never forget the atrocities, the injustice and the oppression that made people like Fidel rise up in arms and want to take control of our America back from North American capitalists and Latin American elites. We will never forget the true American patriots who fought for ideals rather than profits. We will never forget those who fight against the injustices of capitalism and seek a world based not on money, but ideals. And above all else, we will never forget you, Comandante. Thank you for giving so many people hope, and for proving that fighting for this world is a worthy endeavor. Hasta la victoria siempre.

NEWS: Facebook does make you unhappy

25 November, 2016



The Happiness Research Institute has performed an experiment which details the effects on people deprived of Facebook for one week, and another group which continued to use the social networking site. People who stopped using Facebook experienced better moods, less stress, wasted less time, experienced less envy for their friends and generally felt better in every field. You can read the report here.

Although I've always maintained that social media has great advantages regarding instant communication and the ability to report on world events at breakneck speed, I've always been against social media in terms of Facebooking and all of the associated effects the ultrasocialization and trivialization of communication and interaction have. Most of all, I have also been against the great benefits companies like Facebook make due to corporate espionage, population surveillance, collaboration with US government agencies and the usage of statistics from users for social engineering and marketing ends.

Although I'm biased in this respect, I've always had positive feedback from people I've managed to get off Facebook. Some people experienced the same sensations I did, such as not wanting to keep in touch or know about people from the past who are reduced to ignored contacts we see updates from, or to have to constantly be on the lookout for comments, photos, news, etc. Most importantly, I think the most devastating effect is the phenomenon referred to as Facebook envy and the way people seem to strive to travel, take photos, attend events and generally appear to be having a good time or lead interesting, fulfilling lives in order to quench this envy and boost their egos.

I myself only use Goodreads and Academia.org for my academic and literary needs, but I don't think they even count as social networking sites in the sense that they are not personal or narcissistic, but rather have a specific and practical encyclopedic function limited to their subject matter, books and essays, in the same way as the film site IMDb, and I've always said that I support any kind of social media that does bring more culture and knowledge to the people.

Isaac Asimov said: “Self-education is, I firmly believe, the only kind of education there is.” Let's continue using the Internet to this end, and bolster academia, culture, knowledge and intellectualism rather than the mediocre trivialization of communication.

NEWS: Donald Trump Becomes the 45th President of the United States

09 November, 2016



Donald J. Trump has just become the next President of the United States, defeating all preconceived expectations and sending a clear message globally; he has taken on the entire world and won, against all odds and without anyone thinking he could do it. Just like the "NO" that won in the Colombia FARC peace talks and the infamous "YES" to Brexit, Trump's victory is the latest in a series of global trends that prove not only that nothing can be predicted, but that democratically-elected changes like these can and will happen, despite what the majority takes for granted.

Trump is a highly divisive figure, for several reasons. I myself have my praises and criticisms of him, positions I strongly agree and disagree with, and have yet to study him better and reach an ultimate conclusion, not to mention evaluate his future political choices. What matters here is that Trump is a part of a larger political trend across the globe, what some may derogatorily call "populism." The United States, like many other countries divided between left and right such as Venezuela, Spain and in the most extreme cases, civil war such as Syria, prove that democracies are frail at this moment, and that societies are usually divided ideologically regarding issues in half, with each side always getting nearly 50% of the votes in presidential elections or regarding important national, geopolitical and economic decisions (Brexit, FARC peace, Scottish independence).

All of these themes, especially the polarization of society and the divisiveness among countries, feature heavily in my upcoming update to the new version of 'SOVREV: The Faith Endeavor,' which will include expanded storylines from the original novel as well as the second and third books that complete the trilogy.

I'm excited to see what possible changes Mr. Trump may bring globally, for better or for worse, and I'm particularly interested in President Trump's wishes to dismantle NATO, improve relations with Russia and pull troops and military hardware out of key US hotspots such as South Korea, Afghanistan and Iraq, creating a much-needed isolationist stance which I believe will not only improve life for Unitedstatians domestically, but also stop the era of the United States as the world's policeman, establishing a multilateral world order where several superpowers, not just one, make key decisions and cooperate globally to bolster peace and stability. Most of all, however, I'm very concerned about his policies in Cuba and Venezuela, and whether he'd attempt regime changes, sanctions or coups of any kind.

NEWS: The Second Operation Condor

28 May, 2016



Operation Condor, a Latin American spring of genocidal right-wing dictatorships supported by the United States, is said to be experiencing a revival, this time ever so subtly through soft coups and media manipulation instead of CIA-assisted military coups.

With Venezuela as a main target, the US has, since Obama's presidency, effectively destabilized the region and ended much of the Latin American "Pink Tide," that is, the waves of progressive and left-wing governments democratically elected in most of the continent. With Macri's victory in Argentina and now Temer's government in Brazil being recognized officially by Washington, the two largest countries in America have now been deprived of their left-wing charismatic leaders and replaced with lackeys. In Spain, the media vilification of Venezuela is perhaps stronger than in the US, with the PSOE and PP dynatiscal parties fearing the newly-created left-wing coalition between Izquierda Unida and Podemos, Unidos Podemos, and the media often uses scare tactics invoking a Bolivarian Revolution taking place in Spain if a left-wing coalition is elected.

I consider it appropiate to review my third article on metagearsolid.org, "The Ideology of Torture," and read on the effects of this geopolitical scenario of fear and paranoia that emerged merely out of fear for a Latin American communist revolution that never existed. My article "Big Boss as Che Guevara" also contains several facts on the Pink Tide, Operation Condor, and left-wing movements in Latin America.

NEWS: Obama's Visit to Hiroshima

28 May, 2016



President Obama has been touring across Asia, lifting the arms embargo on Vietnam in order to send a message to China and strenghtening his position with a visit to Hiroshima, Japan.

As expected, the President did not issue an official apology on behalf of the United States to the people of Japan. However, Obama mourned the dead and even met with survivors from the atomic blasts, who in my opinion, benefitted from much-needed closure with the country that caused those perfectly avoidable genocides on innocent civilians, feats born out of the geopolitical need to show the USSR the might of Unitedstatian atomic power and the desire to test the effects of the bomb on a large group of people.

This has reopened the debate about nuclear weapons, with Obama himself calling for a "world without nuclear weapons." Relevant to my second article on metagearsolid.org, I think it's a good opportunity to revisit Kojima and the Soviet Union and have a look at its last page.

ARTICLE: Spain in Videogames - The Spanish Flag in Street Fighter II

24 April, 2016



An analysis of Spain's characterization in Street Fighter II, centered on the depiction of the Spanish flag and its sociopolitical connotations.

The article can be read at my Academia.edu page here or downloaded from my site here.

NEWS: 6 Metal Gear Solid Reads That Will Change How You See The World

01 April, 2016



Chris Hatala from gamesdonelegit.com has published an article titled "6 Metal Gear Solid Reads That Will Change How You See The World."

Like the title suggests, the article mentions six Metal Gear-related books and articles. I'm grateful for having been mentioned alongside Terry Wolfe and Ravi Singh from metagearsolid.org and thesnakesoup.org, great sites which feature political and philosophical analysis from the Metal Gear franchise and the gaming industry in general.

I'm highly pleased my "Big Boss as Che Guevara" article is still inspiring North Americans, as well as making them want to perform their own research on controversial subjects such as the generalized view of Che Guevara in North America. I appreciate greatly their open mind and acceptance of our viewpoints, which as I said in the previous piece of news, are great assets in the pursuit of closer ties between North and South America.

NEWS: Obama’s Visit to Cuba and Argentina

23 March, 2016



I don't normally post news about world events (there are enough news outlets and social networking feeds for that) but I wanted to bring attention to something which is closely intertwined with what I had wanted to do with my articles on metagearsolid.org, that is, to create awareness in North America about Latin American viewpoints on the figure of Che Guevara and on the waves of repression through puppet dictatorships supported and orchestrated by the US to combat leftist movements.

US President Barack Obama's visit to two Latin American countries, Cuba and Argentina, has risen many controversies and unearthed unpleasantries from the past. One has to do not only with the historical diplomatic changes taking place between the US and Cuba, but with Obama's perceived "communist" secret agenda within the US, a particularly strong (and downright absurd) conviction amongst the conservative sectors of the country, which have been relentless in their attacks. The picture of Obama standing in front of the iconic mural of Che Guevara in Revolution Square has set the most right-wing circles ablaze, not only in the US but also abroad, and has equally infuriated leftists who think Obama's presence on the island to be an insult to both Che and his cause.

Obama's visit to Argentina greatly upset the population, particularly the Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, who continue to mourn those "disappeared" by the Argentine US-backed dictatorship, and view Obama's visit as an insult since it took place on the anniversary of the 1976 coup which established the 1976-1983 Argentine dictatorship, part of Operation Condor. Obama admitted that the United States failed to stand up for human rights during the era of Operation Condor, and that classified files will be declassified soon, hopefully shedding new light on these events. Obama's photos next to Argentine President Mauricio Macri in the Remembrance Park memorial and throwing a wreath at the sea in memory of the dictatorship's victims are astonishing pictures, clearly indicating that times are changing and that a US President in office must be willing to come to terms with the dark past of the United States in order to establish closer links to Latin American nations. However, in my humble opinion, a mere apology is not enough. Besides, Obama hasn't even apologized for Henry Kissinger's actions, the US Army School of the Americas or Operation Condor as a whole. The US still has a lot to atone for, but this is a start. I hope that this will result in a new era that will usher North and South relations in a cooperative and peaceful way, but for that to happen the US must be willing to be a partner, not a master.

These recent events are a great opportunity for those interested to revisit two of my articles, namely, Big Boss as Che Guevara and The Ideology of Torture, so as to appreciate well the responses from both spectrums that Obama is receiving, not to mention read the Latin American views on subjects as controversial as the perceived image of Che and the role of the United States in the repression and genocide that shook Latin America during the Cold War.

POETRY ANALYSIS: Winter Night - Boris Pasternak

24 December, 2015



For those of you who know Spanish and Russian, I have made available at my Academia.edu page my translation and analysis of the poem "Winter Night" by Boris Pasternak, a presentation I gave for the "Magic of Light" International Dissemination Sessions, held from the 14th to the 16th of December 2015 in the Park of Sciences, Granada. You may read it at my Academia.edu page here or download it from my site here.

The "Magic of Light" International Dissemination Sessions comprise a scientific forum dedicated to the hermeneutics of light on the evolution of human thought with the analysis of theories and experiments in this respect, to promote universal awareness of the importance of light in the life of society.

I hope you shall find my translation and analysis of this well-known poem to be interesting from a translation and Russian sociocultural perspective.

ARTICLE: Call of Duty: Ghosts - The Federation Explained

14 December, 2015



An article analyzing the 2013 video game Call of Duty: Ghosts, centered on explaining the nature and key drive of the game’s main antagonist, The Federation of the Americas. You can read it at my Academia.edu page here or download it from my site here.

The idea for this article came to me when noticing that many players of the game became interested in the motives of the Federation, since many had no knowledge of US intervention in Latin America and why they would decide to attack the United States so aggressively.

Largely criticized by many reviewing sites and gamers for its perceived racism, jingoism, blatant militarism, xenophobia and paranoid right-wing mentality from a Western but specifically Unitedstatian perspective, the Call of Duty series hit a new low with the release of this game, which not only insults Latin Americans, but portrays them every bit as aggressive and war-mongering as the US is in real life, thus inverting reality and distorting the truth, not to mention disrespecting and ignoring the well-documented US history of atrocious intervention in the region during the Cold War, when the US granted full support to countless genocidal dictatorships hoping to counter left-leaning movements in the region.

I hope this article serves to clear up the possible motivations of the invented enemy for the game, the Federation of the Americas, and to shed a light on the historical and sociopolitical voids the game purposefully refused to fill, which if mentioned, would have certainly made the player question the righteousness of the United States.

ARTICLE: The British Legacy in Uruguay: On the historical, political, economic and cultural ties between the Eastern Republic of Uruguay and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

02 December, 2015



An essay based on a sixty-minute presentation I gave for the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting, University of Granada, written as part of a special assignment for English course. The purpose of this paper is to shed some light on British-Uruguayan relations from a Uruguayan and Latin American perspective, detailing the British contributions to Uruguayan society and describing important historical events between the two nations.

This essay synthesizes information on most British-related subjects in Uruguay, but does not go in-depth into any particular subject; rather, this document was meant as a complete and informative source covering a wide range of subjects related to British history in Uruguay.

The role of Britain in Uruguay’s independence and subsequent development is analyzed, as are the current bilateral relations between both countries. The most important cultural contributions to Uruguayan culture, music, cuisine, sports, education and architecture are also explained in detail.

Those of you interested in 19th century history of both Britain and Uruguay and in World War II will find many interesting and relatively obscure facts in this document. There are also many photographs and illustrations accompanying each section.

This essay was written using a variety of sources which can be seen in the bibliography section of the document. I also used family anecdotes and popular knowledge which are supported by these sources.

You can read and download the essay at my Academia.edu page here or from my site here.

ARTICLE: Time

25 October, 2015



This is not really an article, but rather a short presentation I wrote for students in English course as part of a special assignment, for the Faculty of Translation and Interpreting, University of Granada. It’s about the song "Time," by British progressive-rock band Pink Floyd, and the concepts associated to the song.

The presentation, read after listening to the song, was written mainly to encourage freshmen during their first year in the University of Granada, and to share with them my own experiences and frustrations with academic life, as well as my own vision of time.

You can read the document at my Academia.edu page here or download it from my site here.

NEWS: HIATUS

22 September, 2015

I wanted to announce that I'll be taking a short hiatus from writing articles for Mr. Wolfe's Meta Gear as I've started university, and as such I won't have the time or the means to write analysis on the upcoming "Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain."

As I'd like to experience the game by itself in order to comment properly on it, I'll wait until then before making an analysis. I'd also like to write an article about Guantánamo and the phenomenon of black sites and their portrayal in Ground Zeroes.

It's been an exhilarating experience to write for Mr. Wolfe's site and I certainly wish to make more articles in the future, but as of now I must devote that time to my own projects and to my university degree, which are both very time-consuming. Thank you all for your support and feedback.

ARTICLE: The Ideology of Torture: A Personal, Political, and Philosophical Study of Torture in the MGS series and the Real World

31 August, 2015



Mr. Terry Wolfe, creator of metagearsolid.org, has once again published a guest article I submitted to his website, entitled The Ideology of Torture: A Personal, Political, and Philosophical Study of Torture in the MGS series and the Real World. You can read it here, at my Academia.edu page here, or download it from my site here.

The article deals with torture in the Metal Gear series and focuses on real life practices and events. I have also included a personal family anecdote to illustrate the horrors of US interventionism throughout Latin America, as well as a comparison with a Latin American US-backed right-wing dictatorship and a Soviet-backed communist one, focusing on what makes the respective ideologies different but why the use of torture and repression becomes necessary just the same (and from a humane standpoint, why they’re just as deplorable). There is also some speculation of Metal Gear Solid V since it features a playable location in Argentina. I have dedicated this article to victims of political repression from all spectrums, and I hope you shall find it interesting.

here Special thanks go once more to Terry Wolfe for the publication of this latest article, and for believing adamantly in my work. It is always an honor to be published on this fine site. I’d also like to thank those who take the time to read it and discuss its themes and ideas in constructive and intelligent debate.

You can visit Terry Wolfe’s website here, which hosts a large selection of lengthy articles about the Metal Gear series and other issues related to the gaming world, aside from tons of other content such as comics, illustrations and podcasts.

SPECIAL MENTION: Mr. Wolfe’s Project Revealed

22 August, 2015



The creator of "metagearsolid.org," Terry Wolfe, has finally revealed his mystery project. He is currently writing a two-part book regarding the entire career of Hideo Kojima and the Metal Gear saga, focusing on meta-narrative, and it may also include a collection of his popular website articles. The book has received attention from a publisher and is on its way to being officially published. Needless to say, this is a massive event for all Metal Gear fans and for readers who are interested in the hidden aspects of the videogame industry and its intellectual side. You can hear more about it here.

I would like to wish my good friend Terry the best of luck with this very important step in his career, and I'd like to once again express my gratitude for his interest in my work, my book and my articles.

Stay tuned for more news on this exciting project and don't forget to get a copy after it's published! You can visit Terry's website here for more information.

ARTICLE: Kojima and the Soviet Union: An Analysis of the Political Overtones of the MGS series and Hideo Kojima’s Ideology

10 August, 2015



Mr. Terry Wolfe, creator of metagearsolid.org, has once more published a guest article I submitted to his website, entitled Kojima and the Soviet Union: An Analysis of the Political Overtones of the MGS series and Hideo Kojima’s Ideology. You can read it at Mr. Wolfe’s site here, at my Academia.edu page here, or download it from my site here.

The article analyzes Hideo Kojima's ideology and his outlook on the superpowers of the Cold War, as well as the aesthetics and themes found in each of the games. The role of characters and the comparisons to their real life counterparts is also studied. The article also features some speculation regarding the political and artistic themes in the upcoming Metal Gear Solid V: The Phantom Pain, including some criticism at its design choices and the motivations of certain characters. Finally, the article ends with a denunciation of nuclear proliferation by remembering the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, urging not to forget them.

Once again, special thanks go to my friend Terry Wolfe for the publication of this article. It is always an honor to be published on this astoundingly intelligent and unique website. I'd like also like to thank those who take the time to read it and discuss it in intelligent debate.

You can visit Terry Wolfe’s website here, which hosts a large selection of lengthy articles about the Metal Gear series and other issues related to the gaming world, aside from tons of other content such as comics, illustrations and podcasts.

NEWS: Che Guevara Article Response

30 January, 2015



A Puerto Rican reader based in the US has recently made a lengthy article after reading "Big Boss as Che Guevara," grateful of my defense of him and my political stance yet also contributing with a more balanced opinion about the US, mentioning its good deeds and the cultural gap that exists between Anglo-America and Latin America.

I'd like to thank this reader for his positive criticism of my article and his complementary analysis of Latin America during the Cold War, and express to him my solidarity with the Puerto Rican people in their quest for independence and identity regarding their status within the US sphere of influence.

You can read the article here.

ARTICLE: Big Boss as Che Guevara: A Latin Patriot’s Views on Peace Walker, the CIA, and Kojima’s Political Commentary

28 January, 2015

Mr. Terry Wolfe, creator of metagearsolid.org, has recently published a guest article I submitted to his website, entitled Big Boss as Che Guevara: A Latin Patriot’s Views on Peace Walker , the CIA, and Kojima’s Political Commentary. You can read it at Mr. Wolfe’s site here, at my Academia.edu page here, or download it from my site here.

The article deals with the 2010 PSP video game Metal Gear Solid: Peace Walker and its hyper-charged political Cold War setting, where Che Guevara is mentioned and praised by the main characters, one of which is even loosely modeled aesthetically and ideologically after him (Big Boss).

The article deconstructs the main subjects for Che’s vilification in Western mainstream media and explains the reason for his praise in Peace Walker, his idolization in Latin America and the intentions of videogame designer Hideo Kojima, from a general Latin American and leftist perspective and also a personal one.

Special thanks go to Terry Wolfe, who was incredibly helpful and courteous during the publication process of the article, and who granted me the honor of contributing to his intelligent article sections. I’d like also like to thank everyone who found the article interesting and useful for political and social debate.

You can visit Terry Wolfe’s website here, which hosts a large selection of lengthy articles about the Metal Gear series and other issues related to the gaming world, aside from tons of other content such as comics, illustrations and podcasts.